When physicians diagnose arterial blockages, they quote the reduction in flow rate. The flow rate in an artery has been reduced to of its normal value by a blood clot and the average pressure difference between the ends of the artery has increased by . By what factor has the clot reduced the radius of the artery?
Plaque deposits reduce a blood vessel’s radius to of its original value. The action of the heart compensates for the decrease by increasing the pressure difference along the vessel to keep the flow rate constant. By what factor must the pressure difference increase?
Water supplied to a house by a water main has a pressure of N/m2 early on a summer day when neighborhood use is low. This pressure produces a flow of 20.0 L/min through a garden hose. Later in the day, pressure at the exit of the water main and entrance to the house drops, and a flow of only 8.00 L/min is obtained through the same hose.
What pressure is now being supplied to the house, assuming resistance is constant?
By what factor did the flow rate in the water main increase in order to cause this decrease in delivered pressure? The pressure at the entrance of the water main is N/m2, and the original flow rate was 200 L/min.
How many more users are there, assuming each would consume 20.0 L/min in the morning?