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Lesson: Hess Cycles Using Bond Energies

Worksheet • 7 Questions

Q1:

The energies of selected bonds are shown in the table.

Bond C H C C l H C l C l C l
Bond Energy (kcal/mol) 104 85 103 58

The chlorination of methane is described by the equation Using the values in the table, calculate the energy change in this reaction per mole of methane reacted.

Q2:

Hydrogen fluoride gas is formed by the reaction of hydrogen with fluorine:

The standard enthalpy change for this reaction is 5 3 5 kJ/mol. The molar bond energies of H 2 and F 2 are 436 kJ/mol and 159 kJ/mol respectively. Calculate the energy of one H F bond.

  • A 9 . 3 8 × 1 0 1 9 J
  • B 6 . 7 4 × 1 0 1 9 J
  • C 1 . 3 8 × 1 0 1 8 J
  • D 8 . 0 6 × 1 0 1 9 J
  • E 1 . 4 3 × 1 0 1 8 J

Q3:

When a molecule can form two different structures, the structure with the stronger bonds is usually the more stable form. Using the bond energy values listed in the table, identify the correct structure of the hydroxylamine molecule.

Bond H N H O N O
Bond Enthalpy (kJ/mol) 390 464 200
  • A
    N O H H H
  • B
    N O H H H

Q4:

What is the approximate enthalpy change for the reaction Use the bond enthalpies from the table.

Bond C H C C C O H O O O
Bond Enthalpy / kJ/mol 415 611 741 464 498

Q5:

Given that the energy of a C H H 3 bond is 104 kcal/mol and that of an H O H bond is 119 kcal/mol, what is the reaction enthalpy for the following reaction?

Q6:

What is the approximate enthalpy change for the reaction

Use the bond enthalpies from the table.

Bond B r B r H B r H H
Bond Enthalpy (kJ/mol) 190 370 436

Q7:

What is the approximate enthalpy change for the reaction Use the bond enthalpies from the table.

Bond C H C I H I I I
Bond Enthalpy (kJ/mol) 415 240 295 150
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