Students will be able to
- describe the structure of DNA as a polymer made up of repeating monomer subunits called nucleotides,
- describe how the two strands of DNA form a double helix shape, with a sugar–phosphate backbone,
- explain that the double helix shape is maintained by the complementary base pairings (A to T and C to G),
- describe the structure of a nucleotide as a central deoxyribose sugar bonded to a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group,
- state DNA that is read in the 5’ to 3’ direction,
- explain how DNA can be extracted from organic material, such as fruit.