Lesson: Numerical Integration: The Trapezoidal Rule
In this lesson, we will learn how to approximate definite integrals using the trapezoidal rule and estimate the error when using it.
Sample Question Videos
Worksheet: 10 Questions • 3 Videos
What appears to be true of the ratio of successive errors for the midpoint rule?
What appears to be true of the ratio of successive errors for the trapezoidal rule?
The midpoint rule underestimates the integral and the trapezoidal rule overestimates it. What geometric property of the graph of explains this?
For a fixed number of intervals , what appears to be the relation between the midpoint rule and the trapezoidal rule errors?
Simpson’s rule can be expressed as the weighted average . Using the table above with , we get a Simpson’s error of . Using technology, find the actual error to 3 decimal places.
For a fixed function on a given interval, let be the estimated integral using the trapezoidal rule with subintervals. Use the following diagram to relate the concavity of with how well estimates .
Which quadrilateral has the area given by , the trapezoidal rule estimate of the integral ?
Which quadrilateral has the area given by , the midpoint rule estimate of the integral ?
Why is Area Area?
What relationship can you deduce about the numbers , , and in the case where the graph is concave up?