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Lesson Flashcards: Artificial Reproduction Biology

Artificial reproduction

The aided creation of a new organism with the use of assisted reproductive technologies

DNA cloning

The process of making more copies of a particular segment of DNA

Artificial insemination

The process of transferring sperm directly into the female reproductive tract to achieve pregnancy

Clone

A genetically identical copy of an organism or DNA sequence

Cryopreservation

A process that enables the long-term conservation of biological material by cooling cells to very low temperatures, where enzymatic and chemical reactions that could damage the biological material are stopped

In vitro fertilization (IVF)

The process by which an egg is fertilized by a sperm in a Petri dish in a laboratory to allow parents to reproduce where they would otherwise be unable to

Enucleation

The process of removing a nucleus from a cell

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