Lesson Flashcards: Reproduction in Flowering Plants

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Definition

Egg cell (ovum)

The female reproductive cell, or gamete

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Definition

Cotyledon

A structure that eventually develops into an embryo’s first leaves

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Definition

Endosperm

A seed tissue that acts as a nutritional food store for the plant embryo to support its development

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Definition

Cross-pollination

The pollination of a flower with pollen from another plant of the same species

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Definition

Filament

The part of the male reproductive organ that carries the anther

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Definition

Angiosperms

Flowering plants whose ovules are enclosed in an ovary

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Definition

Corolla

The petals of a flower that typically form a whorl within the sepals and enclose the reproductive organs

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Definition

Anther

The part of the male reproductive organ in which pollen grains, which contain the plant’s male gametes, are produced

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Definition

Double fertilization

A type of fertilization in which one sperm nucleus fuses with the egg nucleus to form an embryo and another sperm nucleus fuses with two polar nuclei to form endosperm

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Definition

Dicotyledonous seeds (nonendospermic seeds, exendospermic seeds, or dicot seeds)

Seeds that have two cotyledons

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