Lesson Flashcards: The Pancreas Biology

Islets of Langerhans

Clusters of specialized cells within the pancreas that are responsible for producing hormones, such as insulin and glucagon

Diabetes

A disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the insulin hormone is impaired, resulting in elevated levels of glucose in the blood

Acinus (plural: acini)

The structure formed by exocrine cells of the pancreas to secrete digestive enzymes and pancreatic juice into a duct branching to the main pancreatic duct

Exocrine gland

A gland consisting of a group of specialized cells that secrete substances such as enzymes via a duct

Insulin

A hormone released from the beta cells of the pancreas that functions to lower the blood glucose concentration

Endocrine gland

A type of gland consisting of a group of specialized cells that secrete hormones directly into the blood

Beta cells of pancreas

Cells in the pancreas that secrete insulin to maintain normal blood sugar

Pancreas

An elongated organ located behind the stomach that secretes digestive enzymes into the duodenum via a duct and also secretes hormones into the blood

Alpha cells of pancreas

Cells in the pancreas that secrete glucagon to maintain normal blood sugar

Glucagon

A hormone released from the alpha cells of the pancreas to increase the blood glucose concentration

Nagwa uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Learn more about our Privacy Policy.