Lesson Flashcards: Methods of Asexual Reproduction

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Definition

Alternation of generations

A pattern of reproduction that involves alternation between two distinct forms (sexual and asexual or haploid and diploid) for the same individual organism

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Definition

Budding

A type of asexual reproduction in some unicellular and multicellular organisms in which a new organism develops from a small projection or bud that develops to maturity while still attached to the parent organism

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Definition

Diploid cell

A cell that has two complete sets of chromosomes (2n)

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Definition

Egg cell (ovum)

The female reproductive cell, or gamete

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Definition

Binary fission

A type of asexual reproduction in unicellular organisms in which the organism duplicates its genetic material and then divides into two parts (cytokinesis)

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Definition

Asexual reproduction

A type of reproduction that only involves one parent and does not involve the fusion of gametes

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Definition

Cytokinesis

The name of the last step when the parent cell divides into two daughter cells in both mitosis and binary fission

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Definition

Clone

A genetically identical copy of an organism or DNA sequence

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Definition

Vegetative propagation

A type of asexual reproduction that occurs in plants when an offspring grows from a fragment or piece of the parent plant

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Definition

Regeneration

The ability of an organism to repair or regrow a damaged or missing part, which is sometimes considered a type of asexual reproduction

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