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Lesson Flashcards: Methods of Asexual Reproduction Biology

Asexual reproduction

A type of reproduction that only involves one parent and does not involve the fusion of gametes

Regeneration

The ability of an organism to repair or regrow a damaged or missing part, which is sometimes considered a type of asexual reproduction

Vegetative propagation

A type of asexual reproduction that occurs in plants when an offspring grows from a fragment or piece of the parent plant

Alternation of generations

A pattern of reproduction that involves alternation between two distinct forms (sexual and asexual or haploid and diploid) for the same individual organism

Clone

A genetically identical copy of an organism or DNA sequence

Runners

Modified stems that branch out from the mature, adult plant, develop roots and leaves, and eventually grow into a new adult plant

Binary fission

A type of asexual reproduction in unicellular organisms in which the organism duplicates its genetic material and then divides into two parts (cytokinesis)

Egg cell (ovum)

The female reproductive cell, or gamete

Budding

A type of asexual reproduction in some unicellular and multicellular organisms in which a new organism develops from a small projection or bud that develops to maturity while still attached to the parent organism

Cytokinesis

The name of the last step when the parent cell divides into two daughter cells in both mitosis and binary fission

Tissue culture

The process in which a sample of cells taken from living tissues is grown in a laboratory setting

Diploid cell

A cell that has two complete sets of chromosomes (2n)

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