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Lesson Flashcards: Properties of Benzene Chemistry

Delocalized electrons

Electrons that are spread out over entire organic molecules, ions, or solid metal structures

Aromatic hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbons that contain a least one benzene ring structural unit

Para directing groups

Groups attached to a benzene ring that direct further substitution to the para position on the benzene ring

Catalytic reforming

An industrial process that can be used to produce benzene from long-chain alkanes, such as hexane

Meta directing groups

Groups attached to a benzene ring that direct further substitution to the meta position on the benzene ring

Ortho directing groups

Groups attached to a benzene ring that direct further substitution to the ortho position on the benzene ring

Aryl radicals

Radical compounds formed from benzene and benzene-derivative compounds

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