Lesson Flashcards: Covalent Bonding Chemistry • 10th Grade

Lewis structure diagrams

Simple schematic illustrations that show how valence shell electrons are shared or transferred between atoms in covalently or ionically bonded compounds

Covalent bond

A chemical bond that is formed when two nonmetal atoms share one or more pairs of electrons

Octet rule

Atoms tend to transfer or share electrons to obtain eight valence shell electrons and the same electron configuration as the nearest atom of noble gas.

Lone-pair electrons

The valence electrons that do not form part of any chemical bonds

Bond-pair electrons

Valence electrons that comprise a chemical bond

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