Lesson Flashcards: DNA as the Genetic Material

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Definition

Bacterial transformation

The process by which bacterial cells take up DNA from their environment

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Definition

DNase (deoxyribonuclease)

An enzyme that breaks down DNA into nucleotides or polynucleotides

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Definition

Bacteriophage

A type of virus that infects bacterial cells and replicates within them

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Definition

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

A nucleic acid molecule that carries the genetic instructions in living things and typically takes the form of a double helix

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Definition

Virulent

A term that describes a pathogen’s capacity to cause a harmful infection

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Definition

Protease

An enzyme that breaks down proteins into peptides and amino acids

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Definition

Strain

A genetic variant or subtype of an organism

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Definition

Nonvirulent

A term that describes a pathogen that is not capable of causing a harmful infection

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Definition

RNase (ribonuclease)

An enzyme that breaks down RNA into nucleotides or polynucleotides

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