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Lesson Flashcards: DNA as the Genetic Material Biology

Protease

An enzyme that breaks down proteins into peptides and amino acids

Bacteriophage

A type of virus that infects bacterial cells and replicates within them

RNase (ribonuclease)

An enzyme that breaks down RNA into nucleotides or polynucleotides

Virulent

A term that describes a pathogen’s capacity to cause a harmful infection

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

A nucleic acid molecule that carries the genetic instructions in living things and typically takes the form of a double helix

Bacterial transformation

The process by which bacterial cells take up DNA from their environment

DNase (deoxyribonuclease)

An enzyme that breaks down DNA into nucleotides or polynucleotides

Strain

A genetic variant or subtype of an organism

Nonvirulent

A term that describes a pathogen that is not capable of causing a harmful infection

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