Lesson Flashcards: Properties of Alcohols

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Definition

Primary alcohol

An alcohol where the hydroxy group is bonded to a carbon atom that is attached to two hydrogen atoms and one alkyl group

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Definition

Fermentation

The process of producing ethanol and carbon dioxide from small sugars and yeast

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Definition

Polyhydric molecules

Molecules that contain multiple hydroxy groups

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Definition

Markovnikov’s rule

In the major product, acidic hydrogen is added to the carbon with the greatest number of hydrogen substituents

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Definition

Tertiary alcohol

An alcohol where the hydroxy group is bonded to a carbon atom that is attached to zero hydrogen atoms and three alkyl groups

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Definition

Halogenoalkane

Compounds that contain a halogen atom covalently bonded to an alkyl group

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Definition

Trihydric molecules

Molecules that contain three hydroxy groups

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Definition

Dihydric molecules

Molecules that contain two hydroxy groups

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Definition

Secondary alcohol

An alcohol where the hydroxy group is bonded to a carbon atom that is attached to one hydrogen atom and two alkyl groups

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Definition

Monohydric molecules

Molecules that contain a single hydroxy group

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