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Lesson Flashcards: Properties of Alcohols Chemistry

Monohydric molecules

Molecules that contain a single hydroxy group

Secondary alcohol

An alcohol where the hydroxy group is bonded to a carbon atom that is attached to one hydrogen atom and two alkyl groups

Dihydric molecules

Molecules that contain two hydroxy groups

Trihydric molecules

Molecules that contain three hydroxy groups

Halogenoalkane

Compounds that contain a halogen atom covalently bonded to an alkyl group

Tertiary alcohol

An alcohol where the hydroxy group is bonded to a carbon atom that is attached to zero hydrogen atoms and three alkyl groups

Markovnikov’s rule

In the major product, acidic hydrogen is added to the carbon with the greatest number of hydrogen substituents

Polyhydric molecules

Molecules that contain multiple hydroxy groups

Fermentation

The process of producing ethanol and carbon dioxide from small sugars and yeast

Primary alcohol

An alcohol where the hydroxy group is bonded to a carbon atom that is attached to two hydrogen atoms and one alkyl group

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