Lesson Flashcards: Addition Reactions of Alkenes

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Definition

Alkene

An unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond

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Definition

Electrophiles

Chemical species that can accept a pair of electrons

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Definition

Addition reaction

A type of reaction that happens when two or more reactant molecules combine together to make a single product

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Definition

Hydrogenation

A type of addition reaction involving the combination of an alkene with hydrogen to make a saturated hydrocarbon product

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Definition

Halogenation

A type of addition reaction involving the combination of an alkene with either diatomic halogen or a hydrogen halide to make a halogenated hydrocarbon

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Definition

Hydration

A type of addition reaction involving the combination of an alkene with water to make an alcohol

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Definition

Baeyer’s test

A test for the presence of unsaturated hydrocarbons using potassium permanganate

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Definition

Markovnikov’s rule

In the major product, acidic hydrogen is added to the carbon with the greatest number of hydrogen substituents

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