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Lesson Flashcards: Addition Reactions of Alkenes Chemistry

Hydration

A type of addition reaction involving the combination of an alkene with water to make an alcohol

Halogenation

A type of addition reaction involving the combination of an alkene with either diatomic halogen or a hydrogen halide to make a halogenated hydrocarbon

Electrophiles

Chemical species that can accept a pair of electrons

Addition reaction

A type of reaction that happens when two or more reactant molecules combine together to make a single product

Markovnikov’s rule

In the major product, acidic hydrogen is added to the carbon with the greatest number of hydrogen substituents

Alkene

An unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond

Hydrogenation

A type of addition reaction involving the combination of an alkene with hydrogen to make a saturated hydrocarbon product

Baeyer’s test

A test for the presence of unsaturated hydrocarbons using potassium permanganate

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