Lesson Flashcards: Digestive Systems

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Definition

The part of the small intestine that connects to the large intestine and where the digestion of food is completed and the absorption of food takes place

Ileum

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Definition

A tube that moves food from the pharynx to the stomach

Esophagus

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Definition

The end of the digestive canal where food wastes exit the body

Anus

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Definition

A juice secreted by the stomach that helps with the partial digestion of proteins

Gastric juice

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Definition

The longest part of the digestive system and where digestion of food is completed and absorption of food takes place

Small intestine

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Definition

Nutrients in food that help to protect the body from diseases

Vitamins

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Definition

The tube that leads from the small intestine to the anus and where water is absorbed and food waste is stored until it leaves the body

Large intestine

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Definition

Hairlike structures in the small intestine and where absorbed nutrients enter the capillaries

Villi

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Definition

A juice secreted by the ileum in the small intestine that helps to complete digestion

Intestinal juice

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Definition

The part of the large intestine that connects to the anus and where the absorption of water from food takes place

Rectum

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