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Lesson Flashcards: Digestive Systems Science

A juice secreted by the stomach that helps with the partial digestion of proteins

Gastric juice

The end of the digestive canal where food wastes exit the body

Anus

A tube that moves food from the pharynx to the stomach

Esophagus

The part of the small intestine that connects to the large intestine and where the digestion of food is completed and the absorption of food takes place

Ileum

Nutrients in food that help to protect the body from diseases

Vitamins

The longest part of the digestive system and where digestion of food is completed and absorption of food takes place

Small intestine

Hairlike structures in the small intestine and where absorbed nutrients enter the capillaries

Villi

The tube that leads from the small intestine to the anus and where water is absorbed and food waste is stored until it leaves the body

Large intestine

The part of the small intestine that connects to the stomach and where pancreatic and bile juices mix with food to help with digestion

Duodenum

A juice secreted by the liver that helps to break down fats in the small intestine

Bile juice

A juice secreted by the pancreas to help break down food in the small intestine

Pancreatic juice

The process where the nutrients from food enter the bloodstream to be used by the body

Absorption

The part of the large intestine that connects to the anus and where the absorption of water from food takes place

Rectum

A juice secreted by the ileum in the small intestine that helps to complete digestion

Intestinal juice

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