Table of Contents

1 • Energy and Energy Resources
 Energy Conversions
 Mechanical Work
 Gravitational Potential Energy
 Kinetic Energy
 Elastic Potential Energy
 Energy Conversion and Conservation
 Power and Energy
 Conduction and Convection
 Infrared Radiation
 Specific Heat Capacity
 Units of Energy
 Hydroelectric Power
 Tidal Power
 Solar Power
 Geothermal Power
 Energy from Fossil Fuels
 Nuclear Power
 Methods of Energy Production

2 • Particles at Work
 Static Electricity
 Electric Fields
 Electric Current
 Circuit Symbols and Diagrams
 Ohm’s Law
 Diodes
 Lightemitting Diodes
 Series Circuits
 Parallel Circuits
 Alternating Current
 Electricity Transmission Networks
 Cables and Plugs
 The Power of Electrical Components
 Efficiency
 Measuring Density
 Calculating Density
 States of Matter
 Specific Latent Heat
 Gay–Lussac’s Law
 Boyle’s Law
 Atomic Structure
 Isotopes
 Alpha Decay
 Beta Decay
 Gamma Radiation
 Neutron Emission
 Detecting and Blocking Different Types of Radiation
 Calculating the Activity of a Radioactive Source
 Nuclear Radiation in Medicine
 Nuclear Fission
 Nuclear Fusion
 The Dangers of Radiation

3 • Forces in Action
 Scalar and Vector Quantities
 Distance and Displacement
 FreeBody Diagrams
 Newton’s Third Law of Motion
 Newton’s First Law of Motion
 Systems of Unbalanced Forces
 Torque of a Force
 Center of Mass
 Scale Diagrams
 Speed
 Units of Speed
 Graphing Speed
 Velocity
 Acceleration over Time
 Acceleration over a Distance
 Graphing Velocity
 Newton’s Second Law of Motion
 The Relationship between Mass and Weight
 Distinguishing Weight from Other Forces
 Forces that Resist Motion
 Reaction Time
 Momentum
 Conservation of Momentum
 Force as Rate of Momentum Change
 Applying Newton’s Third Law of Motion to Collisions
 Deformation of Springs
 Relating Force, Pressure, and Area
 Pressure Produced by Fluids
 Pascal’s Principle
 Buoyant Force

4 • Waves, Electromagnetism, and Space
 Comparing Transverse and Longitudinal Waves
 Calculating Wave Motion
 Sound Waves
 Seismic Waves
 The Electromagnetic Spectrum
 Electromagnetic Waves for Communication
 Total Internal Reflection
 Interactions of Electromagnetic Waves with Matter
 Applications of Electromagnetic Waves
 XRays in Medicine
 Reflection of Light
 Refraction of Light
 Colors of Light
 Ray Tracing
 Convex Lenses
 Concave Lenses
 Image Production Using Lenses
 Magnetic Fields
 Magnetic Fields Produced by Electric Currents
 Force on Conducting Wires in Magnetic Fields
 Electromagnetic Induction
 Electromagnetic Induction in Generators
 Electromagnetic Induction in Transformers
 The Structure of the Solar System
 Stellar Evolution
 Fusion in Stars
 Motion of Planets, Moons, and Satellites
 LightYears
 Redshift
 The Big Bang and the Fate of the Universe

Math Skills for Physics
 Representing Large Values of Physical Quantities
 Representing Small Values of Physical Quantities
 Calculations with Physical Quantities Using Scientific Notation
 Comparing Values of Physical Quantities
 Finding Average Values of Physical Quantities
 Rearranging Formulas for Physical Quantities
 Graphing Experimental Data
 Finding the Areas of Rectangles and Triangles
 Working Scientifically