# Course: Conceptual Physics • Twelfth Edition

• 1.1 Scientific Measurements
• 1.2 Scientific Methods
• 1.3 Science, Art, and Religion
• 1.4 Science and Technology
• 1.5 Physics—The Basic Science
• 1.6 In Perspective
• Part One Mechanics
• 2 Newton’s First Law of Motion—Inertia
• 2.1 Aristotle on Motion
• 2.2 Galileo’s Experiments
• 2.3 Newton’s First Law of Motion
• 2.4 Net Force and Vectors
• 2.5 The Equilibrium Rule
• 2.6 Support Force
• 2.7 Equilibrium of Moving Things
• 2.8 The Moving Earth
• 3 Linear Motion
• 3.1 Motion Is Relative
• 3.2 Speed
• 3.3 Velocity
• 3.4 Acceleration
• 3.5 Free Fall
• 3.6 Velocity Vectors
• 4 Newton’s Second Law of Motion
• 4.1 Force Causes Acceleration
• 4.2 Friction
• 4.3 Mass and Weight
• 4.4 Newton’s Second Law of Motion
• 4.5 When Acceleration Is 𝑔—Free Fall
• 4.6 When Acceleration Is Less Than 𝑔—Nonfree Fall
• 5 Newton’s Third Law of Motion
• 5.1 Forces and Interactions
• 5.2 Newton’s Third Law of Motion
• 5.3 Action and Reaction on Different Masses
• 5.4 Vectors and the Third Law
• 5.5 Summary of Newton’s Three Laws
• 6 Momentum
• 6.1 Momentum
• 6.2 Impulse
• 6.3 Impulse Changes Momentum
• 6.4 Bouncing
• 6.5 Conservation of Momentum
• 6.6 Collisions
• 6.7 More Complicated Collisions
• 7 Energy
• 7.1 Work
• 7.2 Potential Energy
• 7.3 Kinetic Energy
• 7.4 Work—Energy Theorem
• 7.5 Conservation of Energy
• 7.6 Machines
• 7.7 Efficiency
• 7.8 Source of Energy
• 8 Rotational Motion
• 8.1 Circular Motion
• 8.2 Rotational Inertia
• 8.3 Torque
• 8.4 Center of Mass and Center of Gravity
• 8.5 Centripetal Force
• 8.6 Centrifugal Force
• 8.7 Angular Momentum
• 8.8 Conservation of Angular Momentum
• 9 Gravity
• 9.1 The Universal Law of Gravity
• 9.2 The Universal Gravitational Constant, 𝐺
• 9.3 Gravity and Distance: The Inverse-Square Law
• 9.4 Weight and Weightlessness
• 9.5 Ocean Tides
• 9.6 Gravitational Fields
• 9.7 Black Holes
• 9.8 Universal Gravitation
• 10 Projectile and Satellite Motion
• 10.1 Projectile Motion
• 10.2 Fast-Moving Projectiles—Satellites
• 10.3 Circular Satellite Orbits
• 10.4 Elliptical Orbits
• 10.5 Kepler’s Laws of Planetary Motion
• 10.6 Energy Conservation and Satellite Motion
• 10.7 Escape Speed
• Part Two Properties of Matter
• 11 The Atomic Nature of Matter
• 11.1 The Atomic Hypothesis
• 11.2 Characteristics of Atoms
• 11.3 Atomic Imagery
• 11.4 Atomic Structure
• 11.5 The Periodic Table of the Elements
• 11.6 Isotopes
• 11.7 Compounds and Mixtures
• 11.8 Molecules
• 11.9 Antimatter
• 12 Solids
• 12.1 Crystal Structure
• 12.2 Density
• 12.3 Elasticity
• 12.4 Tension and Compression
• 12.5 Arches
• 12.6 Scaling
• 13 Liquids
• 13.1 Pressure
• 13.2 Pressure in a Liquid
• 13.3 Buoyancy
• 13.4 Archimedes’ Principle
• 13.5 What Makes an Object Sink or Float?
• 13.6 Flotation
• 13.7 Pascal’s Principle
• 13.8 Surface Tension
• 13.9 Capillarity
• 14 Gases
• 14.1 The Atmosphere
• 14.2 Atmospheric Pressure
• 14.3 Boyle’s Law
• 14.4 Buoyancy of Air
• 14.5 Bernoulli’s Principle
• 14.6 Plasma
• Part Three Heat
• 15 Temperature, Heat, and Expansion
• 15.1 Temperature
• 15.2 Heat
• 15.3 Specific Heat Capacity
• 15.4 The High Specific Heat Capacity of Water
• 15.5 Thermal Expansion
• 16 Heat Transfer
• 16.1 Conduction
• 16.2 Convection
• 16.4 Newton’s Law of Cooling
• 16.5 The Greenhouse Effect
• 16.6 Climate Change
• 16.7 Solar Power
• 16.8 Controlling Heat Transfer
• 17 Change of Phase
• 17.1 Phases of Matter
• 17.2 Evaporation
• 17.3 Condensation
• 17.4 Boiling
• 17.5 Melting and Freezing
• 17.6 Energy and Changes of Phase
• 18 Thermodynamics
• 18.1 Thermodynamics
• 18.2 Absolute Zero
• 18.3 First Law of Thermodynamics
• 18.5 Meteorology and the First Law
• 18.6 Second Law of Thermodynamics
• 18.7 Energy Tends to Disperse
• 18.8 Entropy
• Part Four Sound
• 19 Vibrations and Waves
• 19.1 Good Vibrations
• 19.2 Wave Description
• 19.3 Wave Motion
• 19.4 Wave Speed
• 19.5 Wave Interference
• 19.6 Doppler Effect
• 19.7 Bow Waves
• 19.8 Shock Waves
• 20 Sound
• 20.1 Nature of Sound
• 20.2 Sound in Air
• 20.3 Reflection of Sound
• 20.4 Refraction of Sound
• 20.5 Forced Vibrations
• 20.6 Resonance
• 20.7 Interference
• 20.8 Beats
• 21 Musical Sounds
• 21.1 Noise and Music
• 21.2 Pitch
• 21.3 Sound Intensity and Loudness
• 21.4 Quality
• 21.5 Musical Instruments
• 21.6 Fourier Analysis
• 21.7 From Analog to Digital
• Part Five Electricity and Magnetism
• 22 Electrostatics
• 22.1 Electricity
• 22.2 Electric Charges
• 22.3 Conservation of Charge
• 22.4 Coulomb’s Law
• 22.5 Conductors and Insulators
• 22.6 Charging
• 22.7 Charge Polarization
• 22.8 Electric Field
• 22.9 Electric Potential
• 23 Electric Current
• 23.1 Flow of Charge and Electric Current
• 23.2 Voltage Sources
• 23.3 Electrical Resistance
• 23.4 Ohm’s Law
• 23.5 Direct Current and Alternating Current
• 23.6 Speed and Source of Electrons in a Circuit
• 23.7 Electric Power
• 23.8 Lamps
• 23.9 Electric Circuits
• 24 Magnetism
• 24.1 Magnetism
• 24.2 Magnetic Poles
• 24.3 Magnetic Fields
• 24.4 Magnetic Domains
• 24.5 Electric Currents and Magnetic Fields
• 24.6 Electromagnets
• 24.7 Magnetic Force
• 24.8 Earth’s Magnetic Field
• 24.9 Biomagnetism
• 25 Electromagnetic Induction
• 25.1 Electromagnetic Induction
• 25.3 Generators and Alternating Current
• 25.4 Power Production
• 25.5 Transformers
• 25.6 Self-Induction
• 25.7 Power Transmission
• 25.8 Field Induction
• Part Six Light
• 26 Properties of Light
• 26.1 Electromagnetic Waves
• 26.2 Electromagnetic Wave Velocity
• 26.3 The Electromagnetic Spectrum
• 26.4 Transparent Materials
• 26.5 Opaque Materials
• 26.6 Seeing Light—The Eye
• 27 Color
• 27.1 Color in Our World
• 27.2 Selective Reflection
• 27.3 Selective Transmission
• 27.4 Mixing Colored Light
• 27.5 Mixing Colored Pigments
• 27.6 Why the Sky Is Blue
• 27.7 Why Sunsets Are Red
• 27.8 Why Clouds Are White
• 27.9 Why Water Is Greenish Blue
• 28 Reflection and Refraction
• 28.1 Reflection
• 28.2 Law of Reflection
• 28.3 Refraction
• 28.4 Cause of Refraction
• 28.5 Dispersion and Rainbows
• 28.6 Total Internal Reflection
• 28.7 Lenses
• 28.8 Lens Defects
• 29 Light Waves
• 29.1 Huygens’ Principle
• 29.2 Diffraction
• 29.3 Superposition and Interference
• 29.4 Thin Film Interference
• 29.5 Polarization
• 29.6 Holography
• 30 Light Emission
• 30.1 Light Emission
• 30.2 Excitation
• 30.3 Emission Spectra
• 30.4 Incandescence
• 30.5 Absorption Spectra
• 30.6 Fluorescence
• 30.7 Phosphorescence
• 30.8 Lamps
• 30.9 Lasers
• 31 Light Quanta
• 31.1 Birth of the Quantum Theory
• 31.2 Quantization and Planck’s Constant
• 31.3 Photoelectric Effect
• 31.4 Wave-Particle Duality
• 31.5 Double-Slit Experiment
• 31.6 Particles as Waves: Electron Diffraction
• 31.7 Uncertainty Principle
• 31.8 Complementarity
• Part Seven Atomic and Nuclear Physics
• 32 The Atom and the Quantum
• 32.1 Discovery of the Atomic Nucleus
• 32.2 Discovery of the Electron
• 32.3 Atomic Spectra: Clues to Atomic Structure
• 32.4 Bohr Model of the Atom
• 32.5 Explanations of Quantized Energy Levels: Electron Waves
• 32.6 Quantum Mechanics
• 32.7 Correspondence Principle
• 33 The Atomic Nucleus and Radioactivity
• 33.2 Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Rays
• 33.4 The Atomic Nucleus and the Strong Force
• 33.7 Transmutation of Elements
• 34 Nuclear Fission and Fusion
• 34.1 Nuclear Fission
• 34.2 Nuclear Fission Reactors
• 34.3 The Breeder Reactor
• 34.4 Fission Power
• 34.5 Mass—Energy Equivalence
• 34.6 Nuclear Fusion
• 34.7 Controlling Fusion
• Part Eight Relativity
• 35 Special Theory of Relativity
• 35.1 Motion Is Relative
• 35.2 Postulates of the Special Theory of Relativity
• 35.3 Simultaneity
• 35.4 Spacetime and Time Dilation
• 35.6 Length Contraction
• 35.7 Relativistic Momentum
• 35.8 Mass, Energy, and 𝐸 = 𝑚𝑐²
• 35.9 The Correspondence Principle
• 36 General Theory of Relativity
• 36.1 Principle of Equivalence
• 36.2 Bending of Light by Gravity
• 36.3 Gravity and Time: Gravitational Red Shift
• 36.4 Gravity and Space: Motion of Mercury
• 36.5 Gravity, Space, and a New Geometry
• 36.6 Gravitational Waves
• 36.7 Newtonian and Einsteinian Gravitation

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