Table of Contents

P Preparation for Calculus
 P.1 Graphs and Models

P.2 Linear Models and Rates of Change
 Slope from Two Points
 Determining the Slope of a Line from a Graph, a Table, or Coordinates
 Equation of a Straight Line from the Slope and yIntercept
 Slope and a Rate of Change
 Rate of Change
 Graphing Linear Functions Using Intercepts
 Graphing Linear Functions Using Intercepts
 Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
 Equations of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
 P.3 Functions and Their Graphs
 P.4 Fitting Models to Data

1 Limits and Their Properties
 1.1 A Preview of Calculus
 1.2 Finding Limits Graphically and Numerically
 1.3 Evaluating Limits Analytically
 1.4 Continuity and OneSided Limits
 1.5 Infinite Limits

2 Differentiation
 2.1 The Derivative and the Tangent Line Problem
 2.2 Basic Differentiation Rules and Rates of Change
 2.3 Product and Quotient Rules and HigherOrder Derivatives
 2.4 The Chain Rule
 2.5 Implicit Differentiation
 2.6 Related Rates

3 Applications of Differentiation
 3.1 Extrema on an Interval
 3.2 Rolle’s Theorem and the Mean Value Theorem
 3.3 Increasing and Decreasing Functions and the First Derivative Test
 3.4 Concavity and the Second Derivative Test
 3.5 Limits at Infinity
 3.6 A Summary of Curve Sketching
 3.7 Optimization Problems
 3.8 Newton’s Method
 3.9 Differentials

4 Integration
 4.1 Antiderivatives and Indefinite Integration
 4.2 Area
 4.3 Riemann Sums and Definite Integrals
 4.4 The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
 4.5 Integration by Substitution
 4.6 Numerical Integration

5 Logarithmic, Exponential, and Other Transcendental Functions
 5.1 The Natural Logarithmic Function: Differentiation
 5.2 The Natural Logarithmic Function: Integration
 5.3 Inverse Functions
 5.4 Exponential Functions: Differentiation and Integration
 5.5 Bases Other Than 𝑒 and Applications
 5.6 Inverse Trigonometric Functions: Differentiation
 5.7 Inverse Trigonometric Functions: Integration
 5.8 Hyperbolic Functions

6 Differential Equations
 6.1 Slope Fields and Euler’s Method
 6.2 Differential Equations: Growth and Decay
 6.3 Separation of Variables and the Logistic Equation
 6.4 FirstOrder Linear Differential Equations

7 Applications of Integration
 7.1 Area of a Region between Two Curves
 7.2 Volume: The Disk Method
 7.3 Volume: The Shell Method
 7.4 Arc Length and Surfaces of Revolution
 7.5 Work
 7.6 Moments, Centers of Mass, and Centroids
 7.7 Fluid Pressure and Fluid Force

8 Integration Techniques, L’Hopital’s Rule, and Improper Integrals
 8.1 Basic Integration Rules
 8.2 Integration by Parts
 8.3 Trigonometric Integrals
 8.4 Trigonometric Substitution
 8.5 Partial Fractions
 8.6 Integration by Tables and Other Integration Techniques
 8.7 Indeterminate Forms and L’Hopital’s Rule
 8.8 Improper Integrals

9 Infinite Series
 9.1 Sequences
 9.2 Series and Convergence
 9.3 The Integral Test and 𝘱Series
 9.4 Comparisons of Series
 9.5 Alternating Series
 9.6 The Ratio and Root Tests
 9.7 Taylor Polynomials and Approximations
 9.8 Power Series
 9.9 Representation of Functions by Power Series
 9.10 Taylor and Maclaurin Series

10 Conics, Parametric Equations, and Polar Coordinates
 10.1 Conics and Calculus
 10.2 Plane Curves and Parametric Equations
 10.3 Parametric Equations and Calculus
 10.4 Polar Coordinates and Polar Graphs
 10.5 Area and Arc Length in Polar Coordinates
 10.6 Polar Equations of Conics and Kepler’s Laws

11 Vectors and the Geometry of Space
 11.1 Vectors in the Plane
 11.2 Space Coordinates and Vectors in Space
 11.3 The Dot Product of Two Vectors
 11.4 The Cross Product of Two Vectors in Space
 11.5 Lines and Planes in Space
 11.6 Surfaces in Space
 11.7 Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinates

12 VectorValued Functions
 12.1 VectorValued Functions
 12.2 Differentiation and Integration of VectorValued Functions
 12.3 Velocity and Acceleration
 12.4 Tangent Vectors and Normal Vectors
 12.5 Arc Length and Curvature

13 Functions of Several Variables
 13.1 Introduction to Functions of Several Variables
 13.2 Limits and Continuity
 13.3 Partial Derivatives
 13.4 Differentials
 13.5 Chain Rules for Functions of Several Variables
 13.6 Directional Derivatives and Gradients
 13.7 Tangent Planes and Normal Lines
 13.8 Extrema of Functions of Two Variables
 13.9 Applications of Extrema
 13.10 Lagrange Multipliers

14 Multiple Integration
 14.1 Iterated Integrals and Area in the Plane
 14.2 Double Integrals and Volume
 14.3 Change of Variables: Polar Coordinates
 14.4 Center of Mass and Moments of Inertia
 14.5 Surface Area
 14.6 Triple Integrals and Applications
 14.7 Triple Integrals in Other Coordinates
 14.8 Change of Variables: Jacobians

15 Vector Analysis
 15.1 Vector Fields
 15.2 Line Integrals
 15.3 Conservative Vector Fields and Independence of Path
 15.4 Green’s Theorem
 15.5 Parametric Surfaces
 15.6 Surface Integrals
 15.7 Divergence Theorem
 15.8 Stokes’s Theorem