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Alignment: Fundamentals of Physics • Halliday & Resnick • Extended • 10th edition

Use Nagwa in conjunction with your preferred textbook. The recommended lessons from Nagwa for each section of this textbook are provided below. This alignment is not affiliated with, sponsored by, or endorsed by the publisher of the referenced textbook. Nagwa is a registered trademark of Nagwa Limited. All other trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Table of Contents

  • Volume 1
    • 1 Measurement
      • 1-1 Measuring Things, Including Lengths
      • 1-2 Time
      • 1-3 Mass
      • Review & Summary
      • Problems
    • 2 Motion along a Straight Line
      • 2-1 Position, Displacement, and Average Velocity
      • 2-2 Instantaneous Velocity and Speed
      • 2-3 Acceleration
      • 2-4 Constant Acceleration
      • 2-5 Free-Fall Acceleration
      • 2-6 Graphical Integration in Motion Analysis
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 3 Vectors
      • 3-1 Vectors and Their Components
      • 3-2 Unit Vectors, Adding Vectors by Components
      • 3-3 Multiplying Vectors
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 4 Motion in Two and Three Dimensions
      • 4-1 Position and Displacement
      • 4-2 Average Velocity and Instantaneous Velocity
      • 4-3 Average Acceleration and Instantaneous Acceleration
      • 4-4 Projectile Motion
      • 4-5 Uniform Circular Motion
      • 4-6 Relative Motion in One Dimension
      • 4-7 Relative Motion in Two Dimensions
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 5 Force and Motion—I
      • 5-1 Newton’s First and Second Laws
      • 5-2 Some Particular Forces
      • 5-3 Applying Newton’s Laws
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 6 Force and Motion—II
      • 6-1 Friction
      • 6-2 The Drag Force and Terminal Speed
      • 6-3 Uniform Circular Motion
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 7 Kinetic Energy and Work
      • 7-1 Kinetic Energy
      • 7-2 Work and Kinetic Energy
      • 7-3 Work Done by the Gravitational Force
      • 7-4 Work Done by a Spring Force
      • 7-5 Work Done by a General Variable Force
      • 7-6 Power
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 8 Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy
      • 8-1 Potential Energy
      • 8-2 Conservation of Mechanical Energy
      • 8-3 Reading a Potential Energy Curve
      • 8-4 Work Done on a System by an External Force
      • 8-5 Conservation of Energy
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 9 Center of Mass and Linear Momentum
      • 9-1 Center of Mass
      • 9-2 Newton’s Second Law for a System of Particles
      • 9-3 Linear Momentum
      • 9-4 Collision and Impulse
      • 9-5 Conservation of Linear Momentum
      • 9-6 Momentum and Kinetic Energy in Collisions
      • 9-7 Elastic Collisions in One Dimension
      • 9-8 Collisions in Two Dimensions
      • 9-9 Systems with Varying Mass: A Rocket
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 10 Rotation
      • 10-1 Rotational Variables
      • 10-2 Rotation with Constant Angular Acceleration
      • 10-3 Relating the Linear and Angular Variables
      • 10-4 Kinetic Energy of Rotation
      • 10-5 Calculating the Rotational Inertia
      • 10-6 Torque
      • 10-7 Newton’s Second Law for Rotation
      • 10-8 Work and Rotational Kinetic Energy
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 11 Rolling, Torque, and Angular Momentum
      • 11-1 Rolling as Translation and Rotation Combined
      • 11-2 Forces and Kinetic Energy of Rolling
      • 11-3 The Yo-Yo
      • 11-4 Torque Revisited
      • 11-5 Angular Momentum
      • 11-6 Newton’s Second Law in Angular Form
      • 11-7 Angular Momentum of a Rigid Body
      • 11-8 Conservation of Angular Momentum
      • 11-9 Precession of a Gyroscope
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 12 Equilibrium and Elasticity
      • 12-1 Equilibrium
      • 12-2 Some Examples of Static Equilibrium
      • 12-3 Elasticity
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 13 Gravitation
      • 13-1 Newton’s Law of Gravitation
      • 13-2 Gravitation and the Principle of Superposition
      • 13-3 Gravitation near Earth’s Surface
      • 13-4 Gravitation inside Earth
      • 13-5 Gravitational Potential Energy
      • 13-6 Planets and Satellites: Kepler’s Laws
      • 13-7 Satellites: Orbits and Energy
      • 13-8 Einstein and Gravitation
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 14 Fluids
      • 14-1 Fluids, Density, and Pressure
      • 14-2 Fluids at Rest
      • 14-3 Measuring Pressure
      • 14-4 Pascal’s Principle
      • 14-5 Archimedes’ Principle
      • 14-6 The Equation of Continuity
      • 14-7 Bernoulli’s Equation
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 15 Oscillations
      • 15-1 Simple Harmonic Motion
      • 15-2 Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion
      • 15-3 An Angular Simple Harmonic Oscillator
      • 15-4 Pendulums, Circular Motion
      • 15-5 Damped Simple Harmonic Motion
      • 15-6 Forced Oscillations and Resonance
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 16 Waves—I
      • 16-1 Transverse Waves
      • 16-2 Wave Speed on a Stretched String
      • 16-3 Energy and Power of a Wave Traveling along a String
      • 16-4 The Wave Equation
      • 16-5 Interference of Waves
      • 16-6 Phasors
      • 16-7 Standing Waves and Resonance
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 17 Waves—II
      • 17-1 Speed of Sound
      • 17-2 Traveling Sound Waves
      • 17-3 Interference
      • 17-4 Intensity and Sound Level
      • 17-5 Sources of Musical Sound
      • 17-6 Beats
      • 17-7 The Doppler Effect
      • 17-8 Supersonic Speeds, Shock Waves
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 18 Temperature, Heat, and the First Law of Thermodynamics
      • 18-1 Temperature
      • 18-2 The Celsius and Fahrenheit Scales
      • 18-3 Thermal Expansion
      • 18-4 Absorption of Heat
      • 18-5 The First Law of Thermodynamics
      • 18-6 Heat Transfer Mechanisms
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 19 The Kinetic Theory of Gases
      • 19-1 Avogadro’s Number
      • 19-2 Ideal Gases
      • 19-3 Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed
      • 19-4 Translational Kinetic Energy
      • 19-5 Mean Free Path
      • 19-6 The Distribution of Molecular Speeds
      • 19-7 The Molar Specific Heats of an Ideal Gas
      • 19-8 Degrees of Freedom and Molar Specific Heats
      • 19-9 The Adiabatic Expansion of an Ideal Gas
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 20 Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
      • 20-1 Entropy
      • 20-2 Entropy in the Real World: Engines
      • 20-3 Refrigerators and Real Engines
      • 20-4 A Statistical View of Entropy
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
  • Volume 2
    • 21 Coulomb’s Law
      • 21-1 Coulomb’s Law
      • 21-2 Charge Is Quantized
      • 21-3 Charge Is Conserved
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 22 Electric Fields
      • 22-1 The Electric Field
      • 22-2 The Electric Field Due to a Charged Particle
      • 22-3 The Electric Field Due to a Dipole
      • 22-4 The Electric Field Due to a Line of Charge
      • 22-5 The Electric Field Due to a Charged Disk
      • 22-6 A Point Charge in an Electric Field
      • 22-7 A Dipole in an Electric Field
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 23 Gauss’ Law
      • 23-1 Electric Flux
      • 23-2 Gauss’ Law
      • 23-3 A Charged Isolated Conductor
      • 23-4 Applying Gauss’ Law: Cylindrical Symmetry
      • 23-5 Applying Gauss’ Law: Planar Symmetry
      • 23-6 Applying Gauss’ Law: Spherical Symmetry
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 24 Electric Potential
      • 24-1 Electric Potential
      • 24-2 Equipotential Surfaces and the Electric Field
      • 24-3 Potential Due to a Charged Particle
      • 24-4 Potential Due to an Electric Dipole
      • 24-5 Potential Due to a Continuous Charge Distribution
      • 24-6 Calculating the Field from the Potential
      • 24-7 Electric Potential Energy of a System of Charged Particles
      • 24-8 Potential of a Charged Isolated Conductor
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 25 Capacitance
      • 25-1 Capacitance
      • 25-2 Calculating the Capacitance
      • 25-3 Capacitors in Parallel and in Series
      • 25-4 Energy Stored in an Electric Field
      • 25-5 Capacitor with a Dielectric
      • 25-6 Dielectrics and Gauss’ Law
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 26 Current and Resistance
      • 26-1 Electric Current
      • 26-2 Current Density
      • 26-3 Resistance and Resistivity
      • 26-4 Ohm’s Law
      • 26-5 Power, Semiconductors, Superconductors
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 27 Circuits
      • 27-1 Single-Loop Circuits
      • 27-2 Multiloop Circuits
      • 27-3 The Ammeter and the Voltmeter
      • 27-4 RC Circuits
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 28 Magnetic Fields
      • 28-1 Magnetic Fields and the Definition of ʙ⃗
      • 28-2 Crossed Fields: Discovery of the Electron
      • 28-3 Crossed Fields: The Hall Effect
      • 28-4 A Circulating Charged Particle
      • 28-5 Cyclotrons and Synchrotrons
      • 28-6 Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Wire
      • 28-7 Torque on a Current Loop
      • 28-8 The Magnetic Dipole Moment
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 29 Magnetic Fields Due to Currents
      • 29-1 Magnetic Field Due to a Current
      • 29-2 Force between Two Parallel Currents
      • 29-3 Ampere’s Law
      • 29-4 Solenoids and Toroids
      • 29-5 A Current-Carrying Coil as a Magnetic Dipole
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 30 Induction and Inductance
      • 30-1 Faraday’s Law and Lenz’s Law
      • 30-2 Induction and Energy Transfers
      • 30-3 Induced Electric Fields
      • 30-4 Inductors and Inductance
      • 30-5 Self-Induction
      • 30-6 𝑅𝐿 Circuits
      • 30-7 Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field
      • 30-8 Energy Density of a Magnetic Field
      • 30-9 Mutual Induction
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 31 Electromagnetic Oscillations and Alternating Current
      • 31-1 𝐿𝐶 Oscillations
      • 31-2 Damped Oscillations in an 𝑅𝐿𝐶 Circuit
      • 31-3 Forced Oscillations of Three Simple Circuits
      • 31-4 The Series 𝑅𝐿𝐶 Circuit
      • 31-5 Power in Alternating-Current Circuits
      • 31-6 Transformers
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 32 Maxwell’s Equations; Magnetism of Matter
      • 32-1 Gauss’ Law for Magnetic Fields
      • 32-2 Induced Magnetic Fields
      • 32-3 Displacement Current
      • 32-4 Magnets
      • 32-5 Magnetism and Electrons
      • 32-6 Diamagnetism
      • 32-7 Paramagnetism
      • 32-8 Ferromagnetism
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 33 Electromagnetic Waves
      • 33-1 Electromagnetic Waves
      • 33-2 Energy Transport and the Poynting Vector
      • 33-3 Radiation Pressure
      • 33-4 Polarization
      • 33-5 Reflection and Refraction
      • 33-6 Total Internal Reflection
      • 33-7 Polarization by Reflection
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 34 Images
      • 34-1 Images and Plane Mirrors
      • 34-2 Spherical Mirrors
      • 34-3 Spherical Refracting Surfaces
      • 34-4 Thin Lenses
      • 34-5 Optical Instruments
      • 34-6 Three Proofs
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 35 Interference
      • 35-1 Light as a Wave
      • 35-2 Young’s Interference Experiment
      • 35-3 Interference and Double-Slit Intensity
      • 35-4 Interference from Thin Films
      • 35-5 Michelson’s Interferometer
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 36 Diffraction
      • 36-1 Single-Slit Diffraction
      • 36-2 Intensity in Single-Slit Diffraction
      • 36-3 Diffraction by a Circular Aperture
      • 36-4 Diffraction by a Double Slit
      • 36-5 Diffraction Gratings
      • 36-6 Gratings: Dispersion and Resolving Power
      • 36-7 X-Ray Diffraction
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 37 Relativity
      • 37-1 Simultaneity and Time Dilation
      • 37-2 The Relativity of Length
      • 37-3 The Lorentz Transformation
      • 37-4 The Relativity of Velocities
      • 37-5 Doppler Effect for Light
      • 37-6 Momentum and Energy
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 38 Photons and Matter Waves
      • 38-1 The Photon, the Quantum of Light
      • 38-2 The Photoelectric Effect
      • 38-3 Photons, Momentum, Compton Scattering, Light Interference
      • 38-4 The Birth of Quantum Physics
      • 38-5 Electrons and Matter Waves
      • 38-6 Schrödinger’s Equation
      • 38-7 Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle
      • 38-8 Reflection from a Potential Step
      • 38-9 Tunneling through a Potential Barrier
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 39 More about Matter Waves
      • 39-1 Energies of a Trapped Electron
      • 39-2 Wave Functions of a Trapped Electron
      • 39-3 An Electron in a Finite Well
      • 39-4 Two- and Three-Dimensional Electron Traps
      • 39-5 The Hydrogen Atom
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 40 All about Atoms
      • 40-1 Properties of Atoms
      • 40-2 The Stern-Gerlach Experiment
      • 40-3 Magnetic Resonance
      • 40-4 Exclusion Principle and Multiple Electrons in a Trap
      • 40-5 Building the Periodic Table
      • 40-6 X Rays and the Ordering of the Elements
      • 40-7 Lasers
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 41 Conduction of Electricity in Solids
      • 41-1 The Electrical Properties of Metals
      • 41-2 Semiconductors and Doping
      • 41-3 The 𝑝-𝑛 Junction and the Transistor
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 42 Nuclear Physics
      • 42-1 Discovering the Nucleus
      • 42-2 Some Nuclear Properties
      • 42-3 Radioactive Decay
      • 42-4 Alpha Decay
      • 42-5 Beta Decay
      • 42-6 Radioactive Dating
      • 42-7 Measuring Radiation Dosage
      • 42-8 Nuclear Models
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 43 Energy from the Nucleus
      • 43-1 Nuclear Fission
      • 43-2 The Nuclear Reactor
      • 43-3 A Natural Nuclear Reactor
      • 43-4 Thermonuclear Fusion: The Basic Process
      • 43-5 Thermonuclear Fusion in the Sun and Other Stars
      • 43-6 Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
    • 44 Quarks, Leptons, and the Big Bang
      • 44-1 General Properties of Elementary Particles
      • 44-2 Leptons, Hadrons, and Strangeness
      • 44-3 Quarks and Messenger Particles
      • 44-4 Cosmology
      • Review & Summary
      • Questions
      • Problems
  • Appendices
    • A The International System of Units (SI)
    • B Some Fundamental Constants of Physics
    • C Some Astronomical Data
    • D Conversion Factors
    • E Mathematical Formulas
    • F Properties of the Elements
    • G Periodic Table of the Elements
  • Answers
  • Index